Leopard Gecko Care Sheet

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Caring for a leopard gecko can be a rewarding experience for both beginners and experienced reptile enthusiasts. Leopard geckos are known for their eye-catching patterns, docile nature, and interesting behaviors. By understanding their needs and providing a proper environment, diet, and care, you can ensure a long and healthy life for your pet.

leopard gecko eyes

Key Takeaways

  • Provide a suitable habitat for your leopard gecko, including proper temperature, lighting, and substrate
  • Ensure proper diet and nutrition to maintain their health and wellbeing
  • Monitor their behavior, health, and practice safe handling techniques for a strong bond

Understanding Leopard Geckos

Leopard geckos are a popular species of reptiles mainly due to their unique features and relatively easy care requirements. These small, nocturnal lizards belong to the Eublepharis genus and are native to semi-arid desert environments, mainly found in the Middle East.

As caring for a leopard gecko begins with understanding their natural behaviors and characteristics, here are some key features:

  • Nocturnal: Leopard geckos are most active during the night, which means they are less likely to bask in the sun like other reptiles. Instead, they prefer to hide in burrows or crevices during the day and become active, seeking food and social interactions at night.
  • Blinking Capability: Unlike many other gecko species, leopard geckos have functional eyelids. This allows them to blink and close their eyes while sleeping, offering them protection from dust and debris.
  • Personality: Leopard geckos are generally known for their docile and friendly disposition. They exhibit different personalities with some being more curious and active, while others are relatively shy and passive.

By taking these features into account, you can ensure a comfortable and enriching environment for your leopard gecko. Remember to provide ample hiding spaces and a temperature-controlled environment to mimic their natural habitat, and be patient when handling your gecko to build trust.

Choosing a Leopard Gecko

When considering a pet leopard gecko, it’s essential to find a reliable source. You can look for one at a pet store, online, or a reputable breeder. Keep the following factors in mind while choosing your new companion:

  • Source: Purchasing from a reputable breeder ensures the quality and health of the leopard gecko, as they maintain proper breeding conditions and focus on producing strong bloodlines.
  • Healthy Hatchlings: Inspect hatchlings for signs of good health, such as plump bodies, clear eyes, and no kinks in their tails. Avoid geckos with lethargy or excessive skin shedding.
  • Morphs: Leopard geckos come in various morphs, influencing their coloration, patterns, and even size. Some morphs are rare and may be more expensive.
  • Colors and Patterns: Choose a color and pattern that appeals to you. Leopard geckos can display a wide array of colors, from yellows and oranges to whites and blacks.

Here’s a table showcasing the different aspects to consider when choosing a leopard gecko:

Factor Description
Source Reputable breeder, pet store, or online vendor
Health Look for clear eyes, plump bodies, and no signs of illness
Morphs Variations in coloration, patterns, and size
Colors Ranging from yellows, oranges, whites, to blacks
Patterns Different markings, including bands, spots, and unique combinations

Remember, when selecting a leopard gecko, you may notice variations between males and adult females, such as size and behavior. Take the time to research and learn about these differences before making your decision. By doing so, you can ensure that your new pet will be a perfect fit for your home and provide a lifetime of enjoyment.

Housing and Environment

When setting up an enclosure for your leopard gecko, follow these recommendations to create an ideal habitat:

  • Tank size: A 20-gallon long tank is suitable for one adult leopard gecko. If you plan to house multiple geckos, increase the tank size accordingly.
  • Vents: Make sure your enclosure has proper ventilation to regulate air exchange and prevent stagnant air.
  • Substrate: Avoid sand as it can cause impaction if ingested. Safe alternatives include reptile carpet and newspaper.
  • Temperature: Maintaining the correct temperature gradient in the tank is essential. Set up a warm end, with temperatures between 88-92°F, and a cooler end ranging from 72-80°F.
  • Thermometer: Monitor the temperature inside the enclosure using a digital thermometer or an infrared temperature gun. Place it near the basking spot and the cooler end.
  • Humidity: Maintain humidity levels between 25-40%. Use a hygrometer or humidity gauge to monitor humidity.
  • Lighting: Although leopard geckos are nocturnal, they still require a low level of UVB light, around 2-5% UVB, for proper vitamin D3 synthesis. Provide a 12-hour light/dark cycle using a timer or a timer-controlled power strip.
  • Heating: Use an under-tank heater or a low-wattage heat light to maintain the desired temperature gradient. Connect heat sources to a thermostat to prevent overheating.
  • Hide boxes: Provide at least two hide boxes in your gecko’s enclosure—one at the warm end and another at the cooler end. This will give your leopard gecko a place to feel safe and secure.
  • Furnishings: Add climbable structures such as branches and rocks to allow your gecko to explore and exercise. Make sure these are stable and not sharp-edged.
  • Plants: Incorporate non-toxic live or artificial plants to enrich the environment and increase humidity levels.

Remember to tailor your leopard gecko’s terrarium to their specific needs, ensuring a comfortable and healthy environment for them throughout their life.

Feeding and Nutritional Needs

Leopard geckos are insectivores, which means their diet mainly consists of insects. It is important to provide them with a variety of live insects to ensure they get the proper nutrition. Consider the following staple insects for their meal:

  • Crickets
  • Mealworms
  • Superworms
  • Dubia roaches

Occasionally, offer them treats like waxworms, but do not make these a staple in their diet as they are high in fat.

To boost your gecko’s nutritional intake, it is crucial to gut-load and dust the insects. Gut-loading is the process of feeding the insects a nutritious diet before offering them to your gecko. This ensures that the insects are full of the necessary vitamins and minerals your gecko needs. Dusting involves coating the insects with a supplement (usually a calcium or multi-vitamin powder) right before feeding them to your gecko.

Here is a simple feeding guideline for your leopard gecko:

  • Gut-load insects with a healthy diet for at least 24 hours before feeding them to your gecko
  • Dust insects with calcium supplement without D3 every feeding
  • Dust insects with calcium supplement containing D3 twice a month
  • Dust insects with multi-vitamin supplement twice a month

Adult leopard geckos should be fed every two to three days, while juveniles require daily feedings. The number of insects offered per feeding may vary, but a general rule is to offer as many insects as they can consume in 15 minutes. Always make sure your gecko has access to fresh water.

Health and Wellbeing

Caring for a leopard gecko’s health and wellbeing is crucial to ensure their longevity and happiness. Pay attention to the following aspects to maintain a healthy leopard gecko:

Regular Health Checks: Examine your leopard gecko at least once a week for any signs of health issues. Monitor its eyes, nose, mouth, and entire body for any unusual changes in appearance or behavior.

Tail Health: A healthy leopard gecko has a thick tail that serves as a storage reserve for nutrients. If the tail is thin and frail, it could be an indicator of malnutrition or illness. Remember, a leopard gecko may drop its tail when threatened, but it will regrow over time.

Shedding: Leopard geckos shed their skin regularly, particularly as they grow. Ensure proper humidity levels in the enclosure to facilitate shedding. If you notice any stuck shed skin on areas like eyes, nose, or toes, help them gently remove it, or consult a veterinarian if the shed does not come off easily.

Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD): To prevent MBD, provide a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D3. UVB lighting can also help in the synthesis of vitamin D3.

Impaction: Impaction occurs when a leopard gecko ingests indigestible material, resulting in a blockage in the digestive tract. To prevent this, use a suitable substrate and monitor the size of the insects you feed to your gecko.

Some common signs to watch for in your leopard gecko care routine are:

  • Discolored or crusty eyelids
  • Excessive rubbing of mouth and nose
  • Unusual shedding patterns
  • Noticeable weight loss or gain
  • Lethargy or unresponsiveness
  • Overgrown or broken claws

In case you observe any of these signs, consult a veterinarian experienced in reptile care. Regular check-ups and proactive monitoring play a vital role in ensuring your leopard gecko stays in good health. Additionally, maintain a clean and comfortable habitat, provide appropriate nutrition, and follow a proper leopard gecko care guide for the best results.

Handling and Bonding

Handling your leopard gecko with care is essential for building trust and creating a positive bonding experience. Follow these steps to handle your gecko properly:

  1. Wash your hands before and after handling your gecko to ensure hygiene and prevent the spread of bacteria.
  2. Approach from the side: Avoid approaching your gecko from above as it can trigger their instinct to perceive you as a predator. Instead, approach from the side and allow them to see your hand clearly.
  3. Gentle lift: Gently scoop your gecko from beneath their body using both hands, supporting their head, body, and tail.
  4. Keep it brief: Limit handling sessions to around 5-15 minutes to prevent stress on your gecko.

To improve bonding with your leopard gecko, be consistent and patient with handling. Here are a few tips to help establish trust and form a bond:

  • Short and regular sessions: Handle your gecko for a few minutes every day, allowing them to get familiar with your presence and your scent.
  • Provide a safe environment: Ensure the enclosure is secure, well-ventilated, and has hiding spots available for your gecko to feel safe.
  • Maintain proper humidity: Moss in the hiding spots can help maintain proper humidity levels, which is important for your gecko’s health.

In addition to bonding through handling, proper care for your gecko is crucial. Here is what you need to know:

  • Fresh water: Provide fresh water in a shallow water dish for your leopard gecko. Replace it daily to ensure cleanliness.
  • Diet: Feed your gecko a well-balanced diet of insects, dusted with calcium and vitamin supplements as per their age and size requirements.
  • Cleanliness: Regularly clean the enclosure and remove waste to prevent any build-up of bacteria and odors.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure proper care and handling for your leopard gecko while also forming a healthy bond.

Leopard Gecko Accessories

When setting up a habitat for your leopard gecko, there are several accessories that can help create a comfortable and safe environment. Here are some essential supplies you’ll need.


Leopard geckos require a suitable substrate for their enclosure. Here are some popular options:

  • Newspaper: A cost-effective and easy-to-clean choice. Replace the newspaper regularly to maintain cleanliness.
  • Vermiculite: Retains moisture well and is safe for leopard geckos.
  • Sphagnum moss: Excellent for holding moisture, use it sparingly to prevent the enclosure from becoming too damp.

Hiding Spots and Climbing Structures

To mimic their natural environment and provide a sense of security, include hiding spots and climbing structures in your gecko’s habitat. Some options include:

  • Commercially available reptile caves or hide boxes.
  • PVC pipes or half-cut plant pots for building DIY hiding spots.
  • Branches and rocks for climbing and basking.

Temperature and Humidity Monitoring

Leopard geckos have specific temperature and humidity requirements to thrive. Invest in these monitoring tools:

  • A digital thermometer for each end of the terrarium to ensure proper temperature gradients.
  • A digital hygrometer to monitor humidity levels, which should remain between 10-30%.

Feeding Accessories

Feed your leopard gecko a diet of live insects and ensure they have access to supplements like calcium and multivitamins. Use these feeding accessories:

  • A shallow dish for providing fresh water.
  • A separate dish for calcium powder and multivitamins, allowing your gecko to self-regulate their intake.
  • Feeding tongs or tweezers for offering live insects to your gecko.

By providing these essential accessories in your leopard gecko’s habitat, you can create a comfortable and safe environment that promotes their health and wellbeing.

Detailed Care Sheet

In this section, you will learn about the basic essentials of a leopard gecko care sheet, ensuring your pet thrives in a healthy environment. We’ll cover key aspects such as diet, substrate, handling, humidity, lighting, temperature, water, and food, providing you with tips for proper care.


To ensure your leopard gecko stays healthy, it’s important to provide a nutritious and varied diet. Here are some tips:

  • Feed your gecko insects like crickets, mealworms, and waxworms, dusted with calcium and vitamin D3 supplements.
  • Juveniles should eat daily, while adults can eat every other day.
  • Offer live insects, as leopard geckos enjoy hunting their prey.


Selecting the right substrate is essential for the health and comfort of your leopard gecko.

  • Avoid using loose substrate, such as sand, as it increases the risk of impaction.
  • Utilize paper towels, reptile carpet, or tile for a safer and easy-to-clean option.


Gentle and cautious handling is necessary when interacting with your leopard gecko.

  • Allow the gecko to get used to its environment for a week before attempting any handling.
  • Slowly and gently pick up the gecko, letting it walk onto your hand. Avoid grabbing or squeezing it.
  • Limit handling sessions to 10-15 minutes at a time.

Humidity and Water

Monitoring humidity and providing fresh water is vital for your leopard gecko’s overall health and shedding process.

  • Maintain around 30-40% humidity in their enclosure, utilizing a hygrometer to monitor levels.
  • Provide a humid hide with moistened sphagnum moss to help with shedding.
  • Offer a shallow dish of fresh water, ensuring it’s clean and replaced daily.

Lighting and Temperature

Leopard geckos require appropriate lighting and temperature gradients to regulate their body temperatures.

  • Create a basking area with a temperature of 88-90°F (31-32°C) using an under-tank heater or heat lamp.
  • Maintain a cooler region between 75-80°F (24-27°C) on the opposite side of the enclosure.
  • Provide a 12-hour light and dark cycle, but UVB lighting is optional as they are nocturnal animals.

With these guidelines in place, you will create a secure and healthy environment for your leopard gecko, allowing them to grow, thrive, and provide you with wonderful companionship.

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